The United States has many opportunities for employment in several different fields of work. If a person who is not a U.S. citizen is interested in applying for a U.S. employment visa, there are several important steps to follow.
Visa types and eligibility
In addition to finding an employer who will sponsor the visa, the applicant will need to determine which category of employment visa they may be eligible for.
An H-1B visa is for individuals with a bachelor’s degree or higher and with specialized skills in science, technology, engineering and math. It is valid for up to six years.
An L-1 visa is for employees of national companies who are being transferred to a U.S. office. It is valid for up to seven years.
Finally, an E visa is for investors or business owners who are investing in an existing U.S. business. It is valid for up to five years.
Once the employer has obtained and completed their portion of the paperwork, they must file a petition with the U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services office. It must demonstrate that the applicant meets the visa qualifications.
After the petition is approved, the applicant must attend an interview where they will be asked about their employment history, qualifications and work plans, and may be asked for additional supporting documentation. This may include health records or other medical history.
Once the interview is complete and successful, the applicant will receive a visa to travel to the U.S. to begin employment.